150 teaching methods and its development

 

Developing 150 teaching methods in education today varied, each has advantages and disadvantages. The education activists can not favor one method of teaching and underestimate the other methods, such as learning and teaching methods to each other mutual support and can be used in appropriate circumstances.

In reality there is no method of teaching that can stand alone, but in practice, a teacher must be good and careful look at the situation and condition of pupils, the environment and character of the subject matter he teaches, so carefully and precisely he will use the learning method that can achieve the goals of learning effectively and efficiently.

Keep your students interested and engaged in the lesson by making them interactive is not an easy job, but need a workable tricks. While the class will be a little noisy and may even seem irregular, if you do not know how to manage teaching techniques. One of the steps you must take is to use the appropriate method. If you carefully select one or more than 150 teaching methods, you will see a better participation in class. In addition, students can discover that learning is more fun than they previously thought.

      Here are 150 teaching methods commonly used in the process of learning and training in various parts of the world, and has received recognition from education experts. Of the 150 teaching methods, a teacher might use three or four methods that reinforce each other and in accordance with the character of the lesson material.   150 teaching methods that I mean is:

  1. Lecture by teacher
  2. Class discussion conducted by teacher
  3. Recitation oral questions by teacher answered orally by students
  4. Discussion groups conducted by selected student chairpersons
  5. Lecture-demonstration by teacher
  6. Lecture-demonstration by another instructor(s) from a special field (guest speaker)
  7. Presentation by a panel of instructors or students
  8. Presentations by student panels from the class: class invited to participate
  9. Student reports by individuals
  10. Student-group reports by committees from the class
  11. Debate (informal) on current issues by students from class
  12. Class discussions conducted by a student or student committee
  13. Forums
  14. Bulletin boards
  15. Small groups such as task oriented, discussion, Socratic
  16. Choral speaking
  17. Collecting
  18. Textbook assignments
  19. Reading assignments in journals, monographs, etc.
  20. Reading assignments in supplementary books
  21. Assignment to outline portions of the textbook
  22. Assignment to outline certain supplementary readings
  23. Debates (formal)
  24. Crossword puzzles
  25. Cooking foods of places studied
  26. Construction of vocabulary lists
  27. Vocabulary drills
  28. Diaries
  29. Dances of places or periods studied
  30. Construction of summaries by students
  31. Dressing dolls
  32. Required term paper
  33. Panel discussion
  34. Biographical reports given by students
  35. Reports on published research studies and experiments by students
  36. Library research on topics or problems
  37. Written book reports by students
  38. Flags
  39. Jigsaw puzzle maps
  40. Hall of Fame by topic or era (military or political leaders, heroes)
  41. Flannel boards
  42. Use of pretest
  43. Gaming and simulation
  44. Flash cards
  45. Flowcharts
  46. Interviews
  47. Maps, transparencies, globes
  48. Mobiles
  49. Audio-tutorial lessons (individualized instruction)
  50. Models
  51. Music
  52. Field trips
  53. Drama, role playing
  54. Open textbook study
  55. Committee projects-small groups
  56. Notebook
  57. Murals and montages
  58. Class projects
  59. Individual projects
  60. Quiz-down gaming
  61. Modeling in various media
  62. Pen pals
  63. Photographs
  64. Laboratory experiments performed by more than two students working together
  65. Use of dramatization, skits, plays
  66. Student construction of diagrams, charts, or graphs
  67. Making of posters by students
  68. Students drawing pictures or cartoons vividly portray principles or facts
  69. Problem solving or case studies
  70. Puppets
  71. Use of chalkboard by instructor as aid in teaching
  72. Use of diagrams, tables, graphs, and charts by instructor in teaching
  73. Use of exhibits and displays by instructor
  74. Reproductions
  75. Construction of exhibits and displays by students
  76. Use of slides
  77. Use of filmstrips
  78. Use of motion pictures, educational films, videotapes
  79. Use of theater motion pictures
  80. Use of recordings
  81. Use of radio programs
  82. Use of television
  83. Role playing
  84. Sand tables
  85. School affiliations
  86. Verbal illustrations: use of anecdotes and parables to illustrate
  87. Service projects
  88. Stamps, coins, and other hobbies
  89. Use of community or local resources
  90. Story telling
  91. Surveys
  92. Tutorial: students assigned to other students for assistance, peer teaching
  93. Coaching: special assistance provided for students having difficulty in the course
  94. Oral reports
  95. Word association activity
  96. Workbooks
  97. Using case studies reported in literature to illustrate psychological principles and facts
  98. Construction of scrapbooks
  99. Applying simple statistical techniques to class data
  100. Time lines
  101. Group dynamics techniques
  102. Units of instruction organized by topics
  103. Non directive techniques applied to the classroom
  104. Supervised study during class period
  105. Use of socio metric text to make socio metric analysis of class
  106. Use of technology and instructional resources
  107. Open textbook tests, take home tests
  108. Put idea into picture
  109. Write a caption for chart, picture, or cartoon
  110. Reading aloud
  111. Differentiated assignment and homework
  112. Telling about a trip
  113. Mock convention
  114. Filling out forms (income tax, checks)
  115. Prepare editorial for school paper
  116. Attend council meeting, school boar meeting
  117. Exchanging things
  118. Making announcements
  119. Taking part (community elections)
  120. Playing music from other countries or times
  121. Studying local history
  122. Compile list of older citizens as resource people
  123. Students from abroad (exchange students)
  124. Obtain free and low cost materials
  125. Collect old magazines
  126. Collect colored slides
  127. Visit an ethnic restaurant
  128. Specialize in one country
  129. Follow a world leader (in the media)
  130. Visit an employment agency
  131. Start a campaign
  132. Conduct a series
  133. Investigate a life
  134. Assist an immigrant
  135. Volunteer (tutoring, hospital)
  136. Prepare an exhibit
  137. Detect propaganda
  138. Join an organization
  139. Collect money for a cause
  140. Elect a Hall of Fame for males
  141. Elect a Hall of Fame for females
  142. Construct a salt map
  143. Construct a drama
  144. Prepare presentation for senior citizen group
  145. Invite senior citizen(s) to present local history to class including displaying artifacts
  146. Prepare mock newspaper on specific topic or era
  147. Draw a giant map on floor of classroom
  148. Research local archaeological site
  149. Exchange program with schools from different parts of the state
  150. In brainstorming small group, students identify a list of techniques and strategies that best fit their class.

150 teaching methods are the results of studies and research experts in the period long enough and have been tested in various educational institutions of various levels. But it does not mean that 150 teaching methods is best, because there are many other factors must be considered a teacher in the activity.  Perhaps a more appropriate method to be used in addition to 150 teaching methods.

150 teaching methods above will be able to expedite the process of teaching and learning, when teachers understand and master it in depth. Failure to educate teachers in the learning process purely caused by the weakness of the teacher in selecting and using appropriate methods. The majority of them do not understand the role and function of 150 teaching methods are not well aware of the characteristics of teaching materials and students.

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